Cosmetic Dental Issues That Are Common In Patients With Osteoporosis

by Terrence Mills

Osteoporosis is more commonly associated with its damage to the skeletal structure and bones than its potential consequences to the dental health of affected patients. However, osteoporosis can have severe dental health consequences that can make it more challenging for cosmetic dental patients to achieve a flawless smile. 

Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by loss of bone mass. Affected individuals are abnormally likely to experience bone fractures, and they tend to develop posture problems and become more prone to injury from falls as the condition progresses.

Although teeth have a slightly different composition from that of bones, they are composed of many of the same minerals and are impacted by osteoporosis. Dental patients with osteoporosis may find themselves more susceptible to the following cosmetic dental issues:

Missing teeth

The jawbone is important in maintaining the strength of teeth because teeth are attached to the jawbone by their roots. Because osteoporosis patients are likely to experience a weakening of the jawbone, their teeth are more likely to fall out. According to the Canadian Dental Association, there are numerous shared risk factors between osteoporosis and tooth loss. 

Breakage of the teeth

Just as osteoporosis weakens the strength of bones and leaves them more prone to fracture, it can also make teeth weaker and more likely to shatter when patients bite into extremely hard foods or experience an accident or fall. 

Complications in replacing teeth

Osteoporosis doesn't only make it more likely that teeth will need to be replaced. It also makes it more complicated to replace teeth once they fall out or become fractured.

Dentists often experience difficulty when trying to fit patients with osteoporosis with dentures. This is because dentures rely on the jaw bone for support. Many other methods for replacing teeth- such as dental implants- also depend upon a healthy jaw bone to function properly. 

Receding gums

Both osteoporosis and periodontitis are conditions with similar risk factors that are characterized by a reduction of bone mass. Periodontitis affects the alveolar bone, cementum, gingiva, and periodontal ligament, and typically causes patients' gums to recede. Those who have osteoporosis are at a greater risk of developing periodontitis and receding gums. 

Things osteoporosis patients should do to reduce risks of cosmetic dental issues

Osteoporosis patients can prevent cosmetic dental complications by increasing their daily intake of calcium and Vitamin D. They should also reduce their consumption of alcohol. Alcohol can hamper nutrient absorption in the body and make it more difficult for the body to take advantage of important minerals in food like calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus. If you have any questions about your own situation, visit Adam Dental Clinic Dentures.